Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common eye condition that affects a significant portion of the population, particularly children and young adults. Myopia is characterized by difficulty seeing distant objects clearly while having no trouble seeing objects up close. The condition occurs when the eye is too long, or the cornea is too curved, causing light to focus in front of the retina instead of on it.
Myopia has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, with studies showing a steady increase in the number of people affected worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that by 2050, half of the world’s population will be myopic, which is a cause for concern due to the associated risks and complications.
To address this issue, September has been designated as Myopia Action Month, a global campaign aimed at raising awareness about myopia and its potential risks and solutions. The campaign was initiated by the World Council of Optometry (WCO) and is supported by numerous national and international organizations.
Myopia Action Month provides an opportunity for eye care professionals, public health organizations, and educational institutions to work together to educate the public about myopia, its risks, and potential solutions. Through various initiatives, such as public lectures, free eye exams, and social media campaigns, the campaign aims to increase awareness about the condition and promote early detection and treatment.
One of the major concerns associated with myopia is its potential impact on eye health. High myopia, in particular, can increase the risk of serious eye conditions, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal detachment, which can lead to vision loss and even blindness. Moreover, myopia is also linked to an increased risk of developing other health problems, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Fortunately, there are various solutions available to manage and prevent myopia. One of the most effective solutions is orthokeratology, a non-surgical treatment that involves wearing special contact lenses overnight to reshape the cornea and reduce the degree of myopia. Other solutions include prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses, as well as behavioral interventions, such as spending more time outdoors and reducing near-work activities.
By raising awareness about myopia and its associated risks and solutions, Myopia Action Month aims to promote eye health and prevent unnecessary vision loss. Whether you are a parent, educator, or healthcare provider, there are various ways to get involved in the campaign, such as organizing a community event, sharing educational materials on social media, or simply talking to your friends and family about myopia.